Driver’s Tests


Knowledge Tests

You need to take knowledge tests whenever you apply for a new license. All knowledge tests referred to in this guide are conducted only in English. You must be able to complete these tests without assistance. The tests are all multiple choice. The answers to all the knowledge test questions are in this guide. One of the knowledge tests is a traffic signs test. To prepare for this test, review the signs shown in chapter 11, signs, signals and road markings, as well as the signs shown in other chapters of this guide. Refer to the license study chart on page 2 to learn which chapters of this guide you should study.


Road Testing

When you’re ready to take a road test, call your local driver licensing office to book a road test appointment. Refer to chapter 13, for more information, for toll-free telephone numbers.

When you book your appointment, be sure to ask what type of vehicle you must bring for your road test and how your vehicle must be loaded. If your vehicle is equipped with air brakes, remember to bring the necessary tools and equipment to do a brake adjustment.

All road tests consist of:

  • a pre-trip inspection
  • an air brake pre-trip inspection (if your vehicle is equipped with air brakes)
  • a road test.

During your road test you must demonstrate your ability to:

  • do a pre-trip inspection, including a written trip inspection report
  • use basic skills for controlling your vehicle
  • handle your vehicle in traffic.

A Class 1 road test takes about two hours. Class 2, 3, 4 and heavy trailer endorsement road tests take fewer than two hours. Plan to arrive at the office at least 15 minutes early. If you can’t keep your road test appointment, you need to notify ICBC. You’ll have to pay a fee if you don’t show up for your scheduled road test and don’t provide either 48 hours notice or a valid reason for not attending.


Pre-trip Inspection Test

The National Safety Code (NSC) requires most commercial drivers to complete trip inspections. If you’re applying for a Class 1, 2, 3 or 4 license, a heavy trailer endorsement, a house trailer endorsement or an air brake endorsement, you’ll need to conduct a pre-trip inspection. If you’re applying for a Class 1, 2, 3 or 4 unrestricted licenses, you must also complete and submit a written trip inspection report.

If your vehicle is equipped with air brakes with manual slack adjusters you’ll need to perform a brake adjustment as part of the test. Make sure you have the proper tools to carry out this adjustment.

The pre-trip inspection part of your road test is your opportunity to show that you know how, when and why you must complete a trip inspection. Under the NSC, pre-trip inspections must always be done before the first run of the day. Even if you conducted a pre-trip inspection earlier in the day, your driver examiner will ask you to do a pre-trip inspection as part of your road test.

During the inspection, tell your examiner what you are checking for and how you know if each part of your vehicle is in good working order. You’ll get a trip inspection report to fill out as part of your pre-trip inspection. You can find more about pre-trip inspections and pre-trip inspection tests in chapter 10, vehicle and air brake pre-trip inspections.

Road test

You must be able to demonstrate these skills competently during your road test:

  • Starting and stopping
  • Shifting Gears
  • Turning
  • Steering
  • Backing up
  • Parking
  • Merging with highway traffic
  • Exiting from highways
  • Driving in traffic
  • Coupling and uncoupling a tractor unit from a trailer — for a Class 1 road test or heavy trailer endorsement (code 20).

During your road test, concentrate on the traffic and don’t think about what your examiner may be recording.